The real name policy states that users should post under names that are their "authentic identities," or what they go by in real life. Nicknames and maiden names can also be used if listed as possible alternatives if listed in profile settings.
The policy has drawn criticism from the ACLU and the Electronic Frontier Foundation, who say that marginalized groups such as members of the LGBT community and Native Americans who may go by a chosen name rather than a legal name have been targeted by other uses on the site who have flagged others for falsely representing their identities. The policy is also an issue when considering victims of domestic abuse or other protected individuals who assume fake names as a matter of safety. These groups made their concerns known earlier last month in an open letter to Facebook that stated:
It's time for Facebook to provide equal treatment and protection for all who use and depend on Facebook as a central platform for online expression and communication.
The protests also came in the form of the "MyNameIs" hashtag campaign, where users flooded social media sites with stories about the alternate names they've chosen and why.
First, we want to reduce the number of people who are askedto verify their name on Facebook, when they are already using the name people know them by.Second, we want to make it easier for people to confirm their name if necessary.These improvements will take some time to test and implement, but a team is working on this and people should start seeing the tests in December.
This means, generally, that when users sign up on Facebook under a name that's different than their legal one, they may be asked to provide context. Similarly, to combat harassment in the form of trolls over-reporting fake names, users who want to report someone for false identity must also provide context before Facebook will take action.